The most viscosity soluble fiber in nature
Konjac Glucomannan

Dietary soluble fiber and cholesterol affect serum cholesterol concentration, hepatic portal venous short-chain fatty acid concentrations and fecal sterol excretion in rats.

J Nutr. 1992 Feb;122(2):246-53.
Arjmandi BH, Ahn J, Nathani S, Reeves RD.
Department of Foods and Nutrition, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506.

Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing 7.5% dietary fiber as cellulose (control), pectin, psyllium or oat bran with or without 0.3% added cholesterol for 3 wk. Among rats fed cholesterol, liver total lipid and cholesterol concentrations were significantly lower in groups fed pectin, psyllium and oat bran compared with cellulose-fed controls. Cholesterol feeding resulted in significantly greater liver cholesterol in rats fed cellulose, psyllium and oat bran but not in those fed pectin. Among rats fed cholesterol, total serum cholesterol levels were significantly lower in those fed pectin than in those fed psyllium, oat bran or cellulose. When cholesterol was fed, the oat bran-fed group had significantly higher butyrate and the pectin-fed group had significantly higher propionate concentrations in the hepatic portal vein than did cellulose-fed controls. The groups fed psyllium, oat bran and pectin all had significantly higher fecal neutral sterols than did the cellulose-fed group when cholesterol was fed. Without dietary cholesterol only pectin-fed rats had significantly higher fecal excretion of neutral sterols than those fed cellulose. Dietary fiber did not influence fecal acidic sterol excretion. However, the addition of cholesterol to these fiber diets was accompanied by a significantly higher bile acid excretion than that of animals fed cellulose without cholesterol. The results of this study indicate that soluble dietary fibers may exert their hypocholesterolemic effect by increasing excretion of fecal neutral sterols.




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